Frances Hodgson Burnett - Biography, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Filmography (Read)
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Frances Hodgson Burnett - Biography, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Filmography
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Frances Hodgson Burnett - biography, date of birth, place of birth, filmography, clips, Writer.
November 24, 1849, Manchester, England - October 29, 1924, New York, USA - English writer and playwright.
Frances discovered her literary ability while still attending a small private school on the same street. She wrote down her stories in notebooks for kitchen expenses.
When Francis was 16 years old, in 1865, her mother sold a losing business and decided to go to America, where her brother, who owned a small grocery store, lived in Knoxville, Tennessee. The first years in Tennessee were very difficult - the Civil War ended, the defeated South lay in ruins. The Hodgson family settled in a simple wooden hut in a village near Knoxville; the decent dresses brought from England, with which the girls struck the neighbors who sported in sackcloth, soon wore out; I had to earn my living by the simplest work, not disdaining any kind of earnings. Frances began writing to help the family. In her autobiography, she said that she was hired to work in the grape harvest to pay the postage for sending the manuscripts to various magazines. Her stories - under various pseudonyms - began to appear in print.
Mrs. Hodgson died in 1867; Frances, 18, remains the head of the family. Attention was drawn to her stories; began her collaboration with the Scribner's magazine and several other prestigious magazines, the literary level of which is much higher than the usual periodicals. The Scribners soon began publishing Francis's books; this collaboration continued, with a few exceptions, all her life.
In 1873, Frances married Dr. Swan Burnett. From this marriage, she had two sons: Lionel and Vivian, who served as the prototype for Cedric Errol. Dr. Burnett was a prominent specialist in eye diseases; he later wrote a classic work in this area. He took over all of his wife's publishing business and proved to be a very businesslike literary agent. The marriage was not happy.
In the 80s, Burnett was already a famous writer; her novels and stories are printed on both sides of the ocean. Among the best works of her - the first novel "This Girl O'Lowry", written on the basis of memories of the poor Manchester, stories and novels from American and English life, stories and stories for young people. She lives in Washington, New York, Boston, travels to England and the continent, lives there for a long time, communicating with Americans who have left for Europe, and with the most famous of them - Henry James. She buys and sells houses, arranges the fate of family and friends, benefactors, helps ... She is friends with Mark Twain, Oliver Wendell Holmes; Oscar Wilde visits her home on his sensational tour of the United States; admirers of her work include Harriet Beecher Stowe, American poet James Russell Lowell, British Prime Minister Gladstone, American President Garfield.
In 1886 one of the most famous novels of Francis Eliza - "Little Lord Fauntleroy" was published. The book went through more than 20 editions. Fauntleroy immediately became a bestseller. In the first year after the publication, 43 thousand copies were sold - a huge figure for that time! In total, over a million copies have been sold since its publication, in English alone, not counting translations. Fauntleroy has been used for performances and films - one starring Buster Keaton, another starring Mary Pickford, who also played Mrs. Errol.
Frances Eliza divorced Dr. Burnett in 1898, and remarried in 1900, this time to Stephen Townsend, her business partner. Her second marriage lasted less than two years, with a divorce in 1902.
Since the mid-1890s, Frances Eliza lived mainly in England, in 1905 she received American citizenship and in 1909 she moved to the United States permanently.