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Stanislav Petrov - Biography, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Filmography

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Stanislav Petrov - Biography, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Filmography

Stanislav Petrov - biography, date of birth, place of birth, filmography, clips, Actor.

September 7, 1939, Vladivostok, USSR (Russia) - May 19, 2017, Fryazino, Moscow region, Russia - Soviet officer and actor.

Graduate of the Kiev Higher Military Aviation Engineering School.

On the night of September 26, 1983, Lieutenant Colonel Stanislav Petrov was the operational duty officer of the command post Serpukhov-15, located 100 km from Moscow. At this time, the Cold War was at its peak: just three and a half weeks earlier, the Soviet Union had shot down a South Korean passenger Boeing 747 that twice violated the border. The command post received information from the Oko space-based early warning system, which had been adopted a year earlier. In the event of a missile attack, the country's leadership was immediately notified, which made the decision on a retaliatory strike. On September 26, while Petrov was on duty, the computer reported the launch of missiles from an American base.

With a single launch, the system qualifies it as a "start", with repeated ones it is already a "nuclear missile attack". After that, the presence of a target must be confirmed by over-the-horizon and over-the-horizon detection means, after which information is automatically transmitted from the command post to the objects to be notified, red displays are lit in the "nuclear briefcase" of the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, on the "crocuses" of the Minister of Defense, Chief of the General Staff, commanders of clans troops. After that, the operators launch the gyroscopes of Soviet ballistic missiles, awaiting the decision of the country's top military-political leadership to deliver a nuclear retaliatory strike. After him, the commander-in-chief of the missile forces on the automatic communication system with the troops must transmit a coded version of a retaliatory strike and a code for unlocking the missile launchers and the commanders of the combat complexes will have only two keys to simultaneously open the safes with the punch cards of the programs, enter them into the computer of the ballistic weapon and press the start button. The flight time of a ballistic missile to the territory of the USSR when launched from Cape Canaveral, where the main US ICBM base was located, is 40 minutes.

However, after analyzing the situation (the "launches" were made from only one point and consisted of only a few ICBMs) and reports of "visuals" - ordinary soldiers who monitor the situation in the air and outer space on screens in dark rooms, but this time not recorded the launches of American missiles, Lieutenant Colonel Petrov decided that this was a false triggering of the system, and transmitted the corresponding notification along the chain of command. The commander of the anti-missile and anti-space defense forces, Colonel-General Yuri Vsevolodovich Votintsev, arriving at the command post, reported on the false triggering of the system to the commander-in-chief and defense minister D.F. Ustinov.

Subsequent investigation determined that the reason was the illumination of the satellite's sensors by sunlight reflected from high-altitude clouds.

According to Soviet military intelligence, American early warning systems also gave false alarms, bringing the world closer to direct military conflict. In one case, alarmed US Navy nuclear bombers even reached the North Pole to launch a massive strike on Soviet territory. In another, the Americans raised the alarm, mistaking the migration of bird flocks for Soviet missiles. But, fortunately, these alarms were recognized in time and it did not come to the launch of ballistic missiles.

Due to military secrecy and political considerations, Petrov's actions became known to the general public only in 1991, when the weekly Top Secret published an essay by journalist Dmitry Likhanov about the feat of S. Ye. Petrov, written on the basis of an interview with Colonel-General Yu. V. Votintsev (during the events described - the commander of the Anti-missile and anti-space defense forces of the USSR Ministry of Defense), which took place at the end of 1990.

After his retirement (in 1984), S. E. Petrov lived and worked in Fryazino near Moscow.

On January 19, 2006 in New York at the UN Headquarters Stanislav Petrov was presented with a special award from the international public organization "Association of World Citizens". It is a crystal figurine "Hand holding the globe" engraved with the inscription "To the man who prevented nuclear war."

On February 24, 2012 in Baden-Baden, Stanislav Petrov was awarded the 2011 German Media Prize.

won the Dresden Prize for the Prevention of Armed Conflict (25,000 euros) on 17 February 2013.

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